Affect or effect?
This is an old and prickly chestnut. I’m afraid you’ll just have to study the examples and get it into your brain.
To affect means:
- To influence or change, for example: Her hard work affected the outcome of the project or The disease affected his appetite.
- To make someone feel an emotion, for example: Her speech affected him deeply or The speech was very affecting.
- To pretend, for example: He affected to love her.
- To imitate or act in a pretentious way, for example: He affected a posh accent.
To effect means:
- To get something done or to achieve something, for example: He effected a change for the better.
- The outcome or result, for example: The effect of the speech was to change all our minds.
- To start to work or produce results, for example: The medicine began to take effect.
- A figure of speech to mean ‘in fact’ or ‘practically speaking’, for example: The decision will, in effect, be of little consequence.
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